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          公布2019年3月14日 这些发现 爱尔兰时报 Ars Technica的 砂锅

          A 2,325-year-old bog butter weighing almost 13.5kgs recovered from Rosberry in County Kildare, dated 360 to 200 BC, alongside the keg it was found in. Image copyright of the 爱尔兰国家博物馆


          通过一项新的研究 手机澳门新莆京 和 爱尔兰国家博物馆 has revealed the remarkably long-lived tradition of using bogs to keep butter edible dates back over 3,500 years.


          Deteriorating in appearance and flavour with time, as the fat in the butter decomposes, bog butter takes on hard, yellowish-white texture, similar to wax, and a cheesy smell.

          The cool, low-oxygen, high-acid environment of the bog means it was ideal for preserving perishable food before modern refrigeration.

          The deposition of butter in bogs in Ireland dates from at least the Early Bronze Age (1750 BC) and may reflect a booming dairying industry at the time, according to 博士杰西卡史密斯 来自 考古学的UCD学校.

          A chunk of bog butter recovered in Shannagurraun, Co. Galway, dated to AD 960‐1040 and wrapped in animal bladder. Image copyright of the 爱尔兰国家博物馆

          这些发现 爱尔兰时报 Ars Technica的 砂锅 杂志上发表的科学报告.

          502 Bad Gateway-手机澳门新莆京

          “Combining this analysis with radiocarbon dating, we obtain unparalleled insight into an extremely long-lived activity,” said UCD’s Dr Smyth.

          502 Bad Gateway

          Professor Evershed notes that: “The widespread occurrence of these enigmatic butter deposits fits with our increasing knowledge of the central importance of dairying in prehistoric northern Europe.” 

          This bog butter was found in Muckanagh, Co. 可以o, dated to AD 775 to 895, alongside its wooden container and leather wrap. Image copyright of the 爱尔兰国家博物馆


          The earliest dated sample, Knockdrin, from between 1745–1635 BC, was associated with bark, possibly a wrapping or container.

          In the early 2nd millennium BC, only small, round-based wooden bowls are known and pottery from non-funerary contexts is rare, suggesting that deliberate choices were made about the materials used to store surplus food.

          A piece of bog butter found in Tumgesh, Co. 可以o, deposited in a wooden mether. Image copyright of the 爱尔兰国家博物馆

          “Strict depositional rules have been observed for gold objects, axes and specialised bladed weapons in the Early Bronze Age,” said Dr Smyth.

          “Foods are an often-ignored category but may have also been infused with symbolism. In this regard, it may be no coincidence that both butter and gold are commonly deposited in bogs.”

          “The Museum is particularly grateful to finders throughout the country who take the time to report these important finds and allow us to protect them for future research such as that featured here”

          通过: 大卫·卡恩斯数字记者/媒体官员,UCD大学关系

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